ENGLISH ELECTRONIC LEARNING

WEB SPACE FOR ENGLISH STUDENTS

COMPUTER SCIENCES

ARTIFICIAL  INTELLIGENCE

 

What is Artificial Intelligence? By John McCarthy. Computer Science Department, Stanford University. One of the founders of the field of AI, McCarthy covers the basics in a question and answer format, starting with: “Q. What is artificial intelligence? A. It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable. Q. Yes, but what is intelligence? A. Intelligence is the computational part of the ability to achieve goals in the world. Varying kinds and degrees of intelligence occur in people, many animals and some machines.”

Ray Kurzweil talks about ‘augmented reality’ and The Singularity – The futurist and inventor talks about pervasive computing, augmented reality, and storage as a philosophical issue. By Ian Lamont. Computerworld (November 11, 2007). “[Q] What’s your definition of artificial intelligence? [A] Artificial intelligence is the ability to perform a task that is normally performed by natural intelligence, particularly human natural intelligence. We have in fact artificial intelligence that can perform many tasks that used to require — and could only be done by — human intelligence. There are hundreds of examples today, and they are deeply embedded in our economic infrastructure. All communication is governed by intelligent algorithms that route and connect the information. Programs are embedded into computer-assisted design systems. AI flies and lands airplanes, guides intelligent weapons systems, places billions of dollars of financial transactions each day. These examples are narrow AI, in that they are performing specific tasks, very often sophisticated tasks that required human experts to perform. [Q] What could slow down the arrival of strong AI, or of the ‘smarter than human’ technologies you call the Singularity? [A] There are really two areas to think about. One is hardware and one is software. …”

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August 25, 2008 - Posted by | Uncategorized

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